Improving health while cutting carbon emissions Perhaps the largest advance is in documenting the rapidly growing evidence that well-planned actions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions can also bring very large health gains.
It concludes that climate change will act mainly, at least until the middle of this century, by exacerbating health problems that already exist, and the largest risks will apply in populations that are currently most affected by climate-related diseases. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC.
Here again, I emphasize shared beliefs and collective capabilities because implementation entails collective or conjoint action among interdependent individuals and work units.
When organizational readiness for change is high, organizational members are more likely to initiate change, exert greater effort, exhibit greater persistence, and display more cooperative behavior.
Third, the two facets of organizational readiness for change--change commitment and change efficacy--are conceptually interrelated and, I expect, empirically correlated.
Broader organizational processes like attraction, selection, socialization, and attrition might also play a role [ 38 - 40 ].
At one extreme, organizational members could be very confident that they could implement an organizational change successfully, yet show little or no motivation to do so. The report documents the evidence that reducing emissions of short-lived climate pollutants such as methane and black carbon would not only slow warming, but could avoid It is possible that receptive context is a necessary but not sufficient condition for readiness.
However, receptive context does not translate directly into readiness. Costly and growing health impacts Photo: A healthcare organization could, for example, exhibit a culture that values risk-taking and experimentation a positive working environment e.
Unlike individual readiness for change, organizational readiness for change has not been subject to extensive empirical study [ 17 ]. What circumstances are likely to generate a shared sense of readiness?
Indeed, some suggest that failure to establish sufficient readiness accounts for one-half of all unsuccessful, large-scale organizational change efforts [ 6 ]. As Bandura and others note, efficacy judgments refer to action capabilities; efficacy judgments are neither outcome expectancies [ 23 - 25 ] nor assessments of knowledge, skills, or resources [ 23 ].
In this article, I conceptually define organizational readiness for change and develop a theory of its determinants and outcomes. Although the advice seems reasonable, the scientific basis for it is limited. Below, I focus on organizational readiness for change as a supra-individual state of affairs and theorize about its organizational determinants and organizational outcomes.
Forest Service Tens of millions of trees have died in the Rocky Mountains over the past 15 years, victims of a climate-driven triple assault of tree-killing insects, wildfires, and stress from heat and drought.
Readiness can be theorized, assessed, and studied at any of these levels of analysis. As temperatures have warmed, the prevalence and duration of drought has increased in the western U. Unlike individual readiness for change, organizational readiness for change has not been subject to extensive theoretical development or empirical study.
Growing risks to our electricity supply Photo: Rising temperatures will likely lead to increased air pollutiona longer and more intense allergy seasonthe spread of insect-borne diseasesmore frequent and dangerous heat wavesand heavier rainstorms and flooding.
Testing the theory would require further measurement development and careful sampling decisions. Heavier precipitation and flooding Photo:Climate change impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability Overview.
The latest report on climate change from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), released on March 31, documents the evidence on the scale and nature of the health risks arising from climate change, as well as the potential benefits that could be achieved.
Organization. Organization Our Insights; How We Help Clients; Our People How companies can adapt to climate change By Hauke Engel, Per-Anders Enkvist, we are seeing governments respond to the possibility of climate change in ways that necessarily affect business prospects.
To cite just a few examples: China is launching. is planned by its members. Here, the term change will refer to planned change.
Organization development. is directed at bringing about planned change to increase an organization's effectiveness. Directly changing the organizational climate or interpersonal style--how open people are with.
Global Warming Impacts. The consequences of climate change are already here. You are here. Global Warming; Global warming is already having significant and costly effects on our communities, our health, and our climate. UCS is a c(3) organization.
Planned relocations, disasters and climate change migration and planned relocation, where appropriate, at national, regional and analysis of possibilities for settlement elsewhere, and. planned relocation, disasters and climate change: consolidating good practices and preparing for the future report sanremo, italy, marchDownload