A social psychological theory developed by Henri Tajfel and John Turner in the s that focuses on the psychological underpinnings of intergroup relations and social conflict. Examples of In-groups — Out-groups o Northern Ireland: Bain, Jerome Beaty and J.
An individual can belong to many different groups. It denotes acceptance by the Guru and also implies that the Chela student or disciple agrees to the requirements such as living an ethical lifestyle, meditating, etc.
Besides initiation rituals to demarcate stages of life, there are also initiation rituals for special occasions, such as a coronation, ordination of a priest, academic graduations, membership to a secret society or the initiation of the shaman.
Separation rites often involve symbolic actions as removing clothing or removing parts of the body. Also, the added element of "what [she] looked like" comes into play to the degree that "the real excitement of the story [is] lost" This is known as in-group us and out-group them. We categorize people in the same way.
If for example you have categorized yourself as a student, the chances are you will adopt the identity of a student and begin to act in the ways you believe students act and conform to the norms of the group.
Separation In these rites, the initiate will be symbolically—and in many cultures physically—removed from the world to which they have belonged. Many cultures perform birth rituals, puberty rituals, marriage rituals and death rituals; In the Catholic Church, for example, these turning points in life are celebrated with Baptism, Confirmation, Matrimony and the Extreme Unction.
Groups give us a sense of social identity: Catholics — Protestants o Rwanda: The degree to which it is perceived to be possible to move from one particular group into another.
The actual studying can be referred to as the Rite of Transition. The bull jumping ceremony of the Hamar tribe in Ethiopia In some African tribes, boys take about 3—4 months participating in initiation rites and girls take about 1—2 months.
Masters degree graduation ritual. The Catholic Encyclopaedia describes the spiritual significance of these rituals or sacraments as follows: The girl chooses to dismiss her mother, thereby dismissing her own future role as a housewife. This may include the revelation of secrets, hence the term secret society for such organizations, usually reserved for those at the higher level of understanding.
To mitigate this negative influence, they are provided with a sponsor whose role it is to protect the candidates. Where modernization is occurring, initiation is not taken so seriously as before, although there are still certain areas which still perform initiations.
Further reading Ellemers, N. For these people, there is no choice to participate in the ritual or not. Secular initiations are not formalised, and participation is voluntary. Tajfel proposed that the groups e.
The initiation done in the Bapedi tribe of South Africa is normally regarded as a stage where a boy is to be taught manhood and a girl to be taught womanhood. Brain asserts that Western societies do not have initiation at puberty, instead of ritual, we have disturbed teenagers and infantile adults.
In addition, there can be similar rites of passages associated with parts of naval and military life, which do not constitute true initiations as the participants are already and remain members of the same community.
Henri Tajfel proposed that stereotyping i. Introducing the phenomena of religion, Underdale: In his book Les Rites de Passage Initiation is considered necessary for the individual to be regarded as a full member of the tribe. Further Information How to reference this article: We use social categories like black, white, Australian, Christian, Muslim, student, and bus driver because they are useful.
The candidates are placed in a liminal state; they are not yet part of the academic community, they are students.You have free access to this content ‘The Battle of Westminster’: developing the social identity model of crowd behaviour in order to explain the initiation.
Social identity theory argues that this depends upon two factors. The first is permeability. If we believe that we can still progress in society despite our group membership (i.e., group boundaries are permeable) we will try to distance ourselves from the group and be seen as an individual.
Initiation and Social Identity of "the girl" in "Boys and Girls" [comment2] Recent history boldly notes the [comment3] protests and political unrest surrounding the Vietnam Conflict during the s and 70s.
SELF AND SOCIAL IDENTITY they function. Early formulations of this theoretical position (TajfelTajfel & Turner ) focused on the proposition that social structures can be characterized by a number of key features (namely the permeability of group boundaries, the.
Initiation and Social Identity of "the girl" in "Boys and Girls" Topics: Woman Pages: 2 ( words) Published: September 24, Recent history boldly notes the [comment3] protests and political unrest surrounding the Vietnam Conflict during the s and 70s.
The Social Importance of Rites of Passage and Initiations Introduction 1 A ritual is a traditional and ordered sequence of collective actions in which participants achieve a sacred purpose through an interplay between the sacred and the mundane world.
2 Moore and Habel define seven types of ritual, stretching over all aspects of life.Download